Calibrating and tuning a CS-50 (and I assume the other nearest siblings) is an iterative process. There are pitfalls at every step, and when you finally reach the end you get a nice easter egg -a tuned 4 (or more) voice synth! In the last post I quickly diagnosed why my CS-50 didn’t make a sound -having the TU (tuning) voltage jumped to ground. This post is about other problems. The CS-50 circuitry has a lot of functions that are distributed among a couple of boards, so you may find you have a tuning problem originating in your SUB board, or a portamento problem originating from your PRA board. Well, I had a TU problem coming from my SUB board – no matter what I tried, I got 6.5 volts at the TU terminal -trim pots had no effect… this terminal is supposed to be 4.000 volts. Lots of head scratching and component replacement later I decided to just order a CS-50 SUB board from synthparts.com -a handy side effect of CS-50 voice boards being worth $400 – $500 each, making the CS-50 worth about 2x it’s ‘complete working’ value in parts is that CS-50 specific parts are CHEAP. I got a complete front panel and lower chassis in like new condition for $150 while I was at it. Too much money probably, but not bad really if you just want to fix your cheaply obtained synth that just happens to be worth more as parts.
Part way through a power supply recap. I am told the small value green caps don’t really tend to fail, and to leave them alone. After the recap it’s a good idea to look at the rail voltages again just in case. Continue reading
For those mad enough to attempt a repair or god-forbid restoration of their PolyMoog, here is a running list of parts I have/will/need to replace. This will be updated as I get stuff.
Power Supply has had its capacitors replaced. Note the 4700uF is a radial -they were out of axial capacitors in the rating I needed.
P o w e r s u p p l y : : : : : .
3x 470uF x 35V axial capacitors
2x 1000uF x 35V axial capacitors
1x 4700uF x 16V axial capacitor
3x LM723CN chips (not sure if these need replacing, but they are 33 years old and replacements are $0.65 each.)
Few synthesizers have such a bi-polar reputation. Amazing sounding and tedious to maintain, much less restore are the two poles of this equation. Moog churned out a few of these – I am guessing a little over 3000 since they started with 1001 and this fellow is serial number 4021. The reference to the latest one I’ve found is 4141. Gary Numan famously used the Polymoog (280a I think – Vox Humana most recognizably) and so did a list of other luminaries if VSE is correct, but there isn’t anyone recent on that list. I’m excited to fix this to see what it can do in a modern setting.
It just happens sometimes. You mention you have an X you are looking to get rid of, and a friend says they have a Y they’d like to get rid of. A little cash one way or the other sweetens the deal. In such a way this complete, clean, low mileage, semi-functional Polymoog joined the menagerie.
I am not one to take a big chance on an unknown condition synth, but a slightly risky $ on eBay is easy to deal with if it’s cheap enough. In this spirit I bought one of two Crumar Orchestrator’s that were listed for $89 each on eBay from the same seller. It had been listed for a while at a higher price with no takers but when $89.99 landed I bought one and someone bought its twin within minutes. Unknown problems? Okay -just nothing major please…
Recently landed Orchestrator. Looking pretty good. What could possibly be wrong? It came with the lid but no pedals. I hear the ‘Swell’ pedal is amazing -need to find or build one. Anyone have one for sale?
You can only stack them so high as I like to say. Once I cleaned up the guts I refinished the wood case, detailed it and put it all back together. Despite some efforts it remained silent except for the VCF. I dropped it off to Chris and he gave it a few weeks of very part time attention -mainly due to shipping times of ordered chips.
At the end. Notice it has all its slider caps here. Thanks Doug for the three I needed.
So I’m weak, I admit it -really really weak. Monday evening I saw this ad for a Moog Opus 3 on Craigslist. $400 -doesn’t work. Worked when last tried. About 2 miles from my house. I resolved to call in the morning around 9, hoping it would have sold and I’d have that weird 30 seconds of self reproach for not acting sooner followed by the bliss of carrying on moments later and forgetting. I call -no answer. I start to leave a message and as I’m half way through it they call me back. 10 minutes later I’m getting in the car to go look at an Opus 3. 30 minutes later I’m driving home with it -lighter of wallet, but only 7/8th’s as light as I could have been. Alas.
In all its colorful what-were-they-thinking glory. Missing a few slider caps, crappy looking wood and dirty. Nothing I can’t handle. Oh, and it powers on but doesn’t work -yeah- that too.
So between the 8 boards in an Omni 2 there are about 80 capacitors of the Tantalum variety -those known to fail suddenly either closed or open. An Omni with its original capacitors is prone to fail with voices stuck on or voices silent -either way the synth becomes unusable as an instrument.
Replacing a tantalum capacitor is straightforward enough -you remove the old one and replace it with a new one of the same capacitance and at least the same or higher maximum operating voltage and polarity while applying as little heat as possible to the board.
Those little blueberries are the capacitors you’ve read so much about. There is a trick or few to removing them. I probably took this picture to remind myself where the ribbon cables go.
While I wait for my Juno 60 toggles I might as well tell you about my Omni 2… Here’s the first in a probably two part series.
I bought this Omni 2 off Craiglist in April 2011 for the seeming current market rate of ~$200 for one that powers up, makes most sounds correctly and has some ‘lingering’ voices. While the lingering voices are alright if your fooling around, they are a roadblock to being able to make recordings with it -which is my intention. A quick web search told me this was a common problem and not difficult, just tedious to fix -with a high success rate for machines that have basic functionality when you start.
Arp Omni 2 sandwich -the meats bigger than the bread. Source looks positively petite on it. Arp is pretty nice other than the chipped tooth -courtesy of careless TSA baggage handlers the PO told me. Note the 6 vertical panel sliders have caps -also note that each slider has a white grease pencil line -one way to store a patch!
The waiting (for the package from Hong Kong) is the hardest part but it has given me the chance to get some little stuff done and replace the capacitors in a friends Arp Omni (more later). One of the things that has bothered me about the Juno 60 is the connections to the panel in the power supply that have to be cut or de-soldered to remove the panel -yesterday I added an EIC socket that unscrews from the inside so it can be removed from the panel and today I added spade connectors to the wire that runs to and from the power switch so it can be pulled out of the top.
Pretty colors! The Arp Omni has spade connectors to the power supply from the switch so it should be okay right? I added a few layers of heat shrink to the connectors to protect against problems. Note the little string knot holding the two purple wires together -it was someones job to tie little knots all day long -can anyone say RSI?
Lots of little details to wrap up and then I can start enjoying this synth for what it can do -I suppose the last installment will be a song composed for and entirely played on the Juno 60. I’m waiting on a package from Hong Kong based Technology Transplants that will be the new toggles I need along with a slider cap set and some other stuff I can’t remember. In the mean time I’m moving slower than normal but it has given me a chance to do some little jobs like install an IEC type plug.
I love the convenience of having the same cord power all your stuff. This was pillaged from my parts Prophet 600. It’s a cheap part but it saved me a drive pulling it. Thursday I’ll get my drill and Dremel from my dads house (long story) and modify the panel.